A gaucho () or gaúcho () is a skilled horseman, reputed to be brave and unruly. The figure of the gaucho is a folk symbol of Argentina, Uruguay, Rio Grande do Sul in Brazil, and the south of Chilean Patagonia. Gauchos became greatly admired and renowned in legend, folklore, and literature and became an important part of their regional cultural tradition. Beginning late in the 19th century, after the heyday of the gauchos, they were celebrated by South American writers.

The gaucho in some respects resembled members of other nineteenth century rural, horse-based cultures such as the North American cowboy ( in Spanish), of Central Chile, the Peruvian or , the Venezuelan and Colombian , the Ecuadorian , the Hawaiian , the Mexican , and the Portuguese .

According to the , in its historical sense a gaucho was a "mestizo who, in the 18th and 19th centuries, inhabited Argentina, Uruguay, and Rio Grande do Sul in Brazil, and was a migratory horseman, and adept in cattle work". In Argentina and Uruguay today, gaucho can refer to any "country person, experienced in traditional livestock farming". Because historical gauchos were reputed to be brave, if unruly, the word is also applied metaphorically to mean "noble, brave and generous", but also "one who is skillful in subtle tricks, crafty". In Portuguese the word gaúcho means "an inhabitant of the plains of Rio Grande do Sul or the Pampas of Argentina of European and indigenous American descent who devotes himself to lassoing and raising cattle and horses"; gaúcho has also acquired a metonymic signification in Brazil, meaning anyone, even an urban dweller, who is a citizen of the State of Rio Grande do Sul. Provided by Wikipedia
Affiche van Gaucho uitgegeven in 1977 door de Revolutionaire Arbeidersliga (RAL) voor een verkiezingsmeeting. Tekst: Verkiezingsmeeting. Meer dan ooit: neen ...

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By Gaucho, 't Rooie Potlood, Drukkerij Oktober, RAL, Corijn, Eric
Date 1977-1977
Affiche van Gaucho uitgegeven in 1977 door de Revolutionaire Arbeidersliga (RAL) voor een debat. Afbeelding: karikatuur van Leo Tindemans die ...

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By Gaucho, RAL, Colle, Marijke
Date 1977
Other Authors: '; ...Gaucho...