Paul-Henri Spaak

Spaak in 1957 Paul-Henri Charles Spaak (; 25 January 1899 – 31 July 1972) was an influential Belgian Socialist politician, diplomat and statesman. Along with Robert Schuman, Alcide De Gasperi and Konrad Adenauer he was a leader in the formation of the institutions that evolved into the European Union.

A member of the influential Spaak family, he served briefly in World War I before he was captured, and rose to prominence after the war as a tennis player and lawyer, becoming famous for his high-profile defence of an Italian student accused of attempting to assassinate Italy's Crown Prince in 1929. A convinced socialist, Spaak entered politics in 1932 for the Belgian Workers' Party (later the Belgian Socialist Party) and gained his first ministerial portfolio in the government of Paul Van Zeeland in 1935. He became the prime minister of Belgium in 1938 and held the position until 1939. During World War II, he served as Foreign minister in the Belgian government in exile under Hubert Pierlot, where he negotiated the foundation of the Benelux Customs Union with the governments of the Netherlands and Luxembourg. After the war, he twice regained the position of prime minister, first for under a month in March 1946 and again between 1947 and 1949. He held various further Belgian ministerial portfolios until 1966. He was Belgium's Foreign minister for 18 years between 1939 and 1966.

Spaak, a convinced supporter of multilateralism, became internationally famous for his support of international cooperation, in which he hoped to include geopolitical enemies of Belgium and NATO such as the Soviet Union and its satellite states. In 1945, he was chosen to chair the first session of the General Assembly of the new United Nations. A long-running supporter of European integration, Spaak had been an early advocate of customs union and had negotiated the Benelux agreement in 1944. He served as the first President of the Consultative Assembly of the Council of Europe between 1949 and 1950 and became the first President of the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) between 1952 and 1954. In 1955, he was appointed to the so-called Spaak Committee studying the possibility of a common market within Europe and played an influential role in preparing the 1957 Treaty of Rome which established the European Economic Community (EEC). He received the Charlemagne Prize the same year. Between 1957 and 1961, he served as the second Secretary-General of NATO.

Retiring from Belgian politics in 1966, Spaak died in 1972. He remains an influential figure in European politics and his name is carried, among other things, by a charitable foundation, one of the buildings of the European Parliament, and a method of negotiation. Provided by Wikipedia
Showing 1 - 20 results of 34 for search 'Spaak, Paul-Henri', query time: 0.01s Refine Results
  1. 1
  2. 2

    By Spaak, Paul-Henri
    Date 1960
  3. 3

    By Spaak, Paul-Henri
    Date 1958
  4. 4
    Bibliotheek François Vercammen
    By Evalenko, René, Spaak, Paul-Henri
    Date 1968
  5. 5
    S/94/035
    By Spaak, Paul-Henri
    Date 1959
  6. 6
  7. 7
    Rede uitgesproken op dinsdag 28 september 1948 voor de derde zitting van de Organisatie der Verenigde Naties in het Palais ...

    Full description


    By Spaak, Paul-Henri
    Date [1948]
  8. 8
  9. 9
  10. 10
  11. 11
    Collectie Vrijzinnige Werkmansbibliotheek
    Archief H.Boudry Bibliotheek Jean De Roose
    By Pierson, Marc-Antoine, Spaak, Paul-Henri
    Date 1953
  12. 12
    Bibliotheek François Vercammen
    Bibliotheek Roland Moreels Bibliotheek Dina Vandenbroeck Archief Lucien Boussé
    By Spaak, Paul-Henri
    Date 1969
  13. 13
    Collectie Vrijzinnige Werkmansbibliotheek
    By Vandervelde, Emile, Spaak, Paul-Henri, Van Roosbroeck, Joseph Louis
    Date 1926
  14. 14
  15. 15
    Rede uitgesproken voor de Veiligheidsraad op 11 december 1964
    By Spaak, Paul-Henri
    Date 1965
  16. 16
  17. 17
    Rede uitgesproken door P. H. Spaak, Eerste Minister, Minister van Buitenlandse Zaken van België op dinsdag 28 september 1948 voor ...

    Full description


    By Spaak, Paul-Henri
    Date [1948]
  18. 18
    Extrait du Bulletin d'information no 59 du 12 mai 1969
    By Spaak, Paul-Henri
    Date 1969
  19. 19

    By Spaak, Paul-Henri
    Date 1959
  20. 20
    Extrait du compte rendu in extenso des débats de l'Assemblée Commune
    By Spaak, Paul-Henri
    Date 1956